The script of my in-class presentation "Women & Stress"

I think I did it quite well.... I believe so!

So, for the record, I'll put the script of my presentation here.

**Women and Stress**

I would like to talk about the study by two scientists at University of California at Los Angels, which says women and men handle stress differently.

Before getting started, I'd like to explain some vocabulary that you'll see in my story.

++to tend someone = to take care of someone or something

(eg)The shepherd tends his sheep.
(eg)Doctors and nurses tended the injured.

++to befriend = to have in a friendly way toward someone, especially someone who is younger or needs help

(eg)Shortly after my arrival at the school, I was befriended by an older girl.
(eg)A group of soldiers befriended my brothers and me during the war.

++to rev up = if you rev up a system or organization, or it revs up, it becomes more active/ runs quickly

(eg)Investors keep putting money in U.S. companies, revving up the economy even more.
(eg)The taxi driver revved up his engine.

++impairment = mental/hearing/visual impairment = a condition in which a part of a person's mind or body is damaged or does not work well

++immediate family = the people who are very closely related to you, such as your parents, children, brothers, and sisters

++extended family = a family group that includes not only parents and children but also grandparents, aunts, uncles, etc.

++to put sth on the back burner(of an idea, a plan, etc.) = to delay doing something until a later time

So my talk will be divided into three parts.

First, I'll mention how the interesting research began by two women scientists and also historical facts about stress researches. Second, I'll introduce the contents of their significant discovery. Finally, I'll talk about the other positive effects and some difficulties in our lives.

If you have question, don't hesitate to ask me anytime!

So let me start!
One day, Laura was talking with her colleague, Shelley, in their laboratory at UCLA. There was a joke when women who worked in the lab were stressed, they came in, cleaned the lab, had coffee, and got together to chat.

On the other hand, when men were stressed, they endured the burden somewhere on their own. What a difference! They found it interesting and looked over the past stress researches, met with one scientist after another from various research specialties.

To their surprise, historically, researchers had looked mostly at only men. Until 1995, only 17 percent of studies of the hormonal responses to stress is for women. If you look at the period from 1985 to 2000, things got a little bit better, the women's number increased to 34 percent. But still unbalanced, so they thought it was a huge mistake. They moved on to women's research.

For decades, scientists who study the response to stress have focused on the "fight or flight" model. This view says when people experience stress, a number of hormones revs up and it makes heart rate and blood pressure increase. So they would react either to fight against it or to get away from it as soon as possible. It's what is called the "fight or flight" model.

This new study argues the old model is male-biased and incomplete. Their new discover suggests that women have a powerful system for fighting stress that's based on a certain hormone called oxytocin.

The hormone is released as part of the stress responses in a woman, it softens the "fight or flight" response and encourages her to tend (care for) children or gather with other women instead. They call it "tend and befriend" model.

The new notion "tend and befriend" can explain why women can live longer than men. Several studies found that social ties reduce our risk of disease by lowering blood pressure, heart rate and cholesterol.

In one study, for example, people who had no friend increased their risk of death over a 6-month period. Moreover, friends are helping us not only live longer but also live better. Another study found that the more friends women had, the less likely they were to develop physical impairments as they aged, and the more likely they were to be leading a joyful life.

And that's not all. The researchers looked at how women survive after the death of their partners. They found that despite the strongest stress of the life, those women who have close friends were more likely to cope with it without any new physical impairments or permanent loss of vitality.

So we understand, especially for women, gathering with female friends would be very important and meaningful for our lives. However, it is also the fact that women have more complicated tasks in daily basis than men so it'd be difficult for women to make time meeting with female friends.

According to a psychologist Alice Domar at the Mind/Body Medical Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, "Men worry about three things: their immediate family, their job and money," and "Women worry on a daily basis about up to 12 things: their immediate family, their job, money, their extended family, their friends, their kids' friends, the way the house looks, their weight, the dog, and so on."

So even if friendship is important for their lives, they tend to put female friends on the back burners.

That's what I understand in the article.
Is there any questions?

Now I'd like to ask you several questions and discuss about them.

OK, first,
What do you think of the new research's result?
Do you think it's true that women tend to get together or care for their children when they have stress?

What about men? Do you agree on that men tend to fight against or get away as soon as possible when they have stress?

How about you? How would you deal with it when you have it.
When you have stress, do you call your friends and try to meet them or do you prefer being alone?

Have you suffered from the loss of your dearly beloved? How did you overcome it?


Thank you for having good discussion with me!
Although some argue there is no concrete evidence to prove the new study, I definitely think there are a lot of mysterious differences between women and men. So I'd like to look at more of them to develop my life better, and also to have just fun!
(the end)

**related articles' links;


That's all!
I hope you get interested in it!





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